Linux vs MAC vs Windows

Linux vs MAC vs Windows

As we know, An operating system is considered to be the backbone of any system. Without a computer system, user and system cannot interact. We mainly have three kinds of operating systems namely, Linux, MAC, and Windows. So, Microsoft developed the Windows operating system. It was developed so as to overcome the limitation of the MS-DOS operating system. Linux is UNIX like a source software and can use an operating system which provides full memory protection and multi-tasking operations. It is an opened by anyone.

Head To Head Comparison Between  Linux vs MAC vs Windows (Info-graphics)

LInux vs MAC vs Windows Infographics

Below is the Top 5 Comparisons Between Linux vs MAC vs Windows

Key Differences Between Linux vs MAC and Windows

Both Linux vs MAC vs Windows are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major Difference Between Linux vs MAC vs Windows:

These are the most used operating systems. Though all three are widely used there are significant differences between Linux vs MAC vs Windows. Windows is dominant over the other two as 90% of users prefer Windows. Linux is the least used operating system with users accounting for 1%. MAC is popular and has an overall user base of 7% over the world.

When it comes to the risk of malware, Windows is the most prone. This is due to a larger user base. Linux is very unlikely to be affected by malware. MAC is similar when it comes to Malware.

Windows is expensive and cost starts from $100. Linux is free and anyone can download and use it. MAC is costlier than Windows and the user is forced to buy a MAC system built by Apple.

Comparison Table Linux vs MAC vs Windows

The basis of Comparison between Linux vs MAC vs WindowsWindowsMACLinux
Basic difference and historyWindows was first released in 1985. It was supposed to be a graphical user interface on top of MS-DOS. All features of MS-DOS were later integrated with Windows 95 release. It was a huge success in and led to Windows transition.This operating system from Apple stands older than Windows. It was first released in 1984. It began as a graphical user interface right from its inception. In 2005 the design and structure of MAC OS were changed to Intel x86 based architecture.It was initially developed in Finnish University. It was released in 1991 and designed for GNU developers. GNU developers later integrated it into Linux. It is open to consumers and everyone can use as per their specifications.
File structureWindows follows a directory structure to store the different kinds of files of the user. It has logical drives and cabinet drawers. It also has folders. Some common folders like documents, pictures, music, videos, and downloads. All these files can be stored in these folders and also new folders can be created. It also has files which can be a spreadsheet or an application program. It can have extensions as .txt, .jpg etc.In addition to this Windows also provides recycle bin where all deleted files can be stored. Recycle bin can be configured to increase its size.The file structure of MAC is commonly known as MAC OS X. If you go to dig into your MAC’s hard disk through finder you will see many directories. The root directory of MAC may encounter when they visit their own MAC book. You can explore the file system and directory structure by going to directories like /Application, /Developer, /sbin, /tmp, etc.Linux has a completely different file structure form Windows and MAC. It was developed with a different code base. It stores data in the form of a tree. There is a single file tree and all your drives are mounted over this tree.
RegistryWindows registry is a master database which is used to store all settings on your computer. It is responsible to store all user information with its passwords and device relate information. The registry also has an editor which allows you to view all keys and values or even drivers if necessary.MAC stores all application settings in a series of .plist files which have the various preferences folder in MAC. This .plist file contains all properties in either plain text or binary format. These are stored at:/Library/Preferences folderLinux also does not have a specific registry of its own. All application setting is stored on program basis under the different users in the same hierarchy format of the files being stored. There is no centralized database for storing these details and so periodic cleaning is also not required.
Interchangeable InterfacesWindows interface was not interchangeable until Windows 8. Windows XP had some improvements but not par. Start menu, taskbar, system tray, and Windows Explorer.MAC has a facility to bridge virtual network interfaces. This can be done by going to system preferences and managing the interfaces.Linux is easy to switch interfaces. You can switch the environment without having to carry all installations. There are utilities like GNOME and KDE which help in catering to these needs. They help in focusing on different aspects.
Command terminalA terminal or command prompt is a black box ideally used to execute commands. It is also called the Windows Command Processor. It is used to execute commands and different batch files. It can also be used for administrative functions and troubleshoot and solve all windows issues.MAC provides a console as a terminal application. It has a console, command line, prompt and terminal. Command line is used to type your commands. Prompt will provide you with some information and also enable you to run commands. A terminal is an actual interface which will provide the modern graphical user interface as well.You can find terminal at Applications -> Utilities.Linux also provides a terminal. You can find terminal at: Applications -> System or Applications -> Utilities. In addition to this, there is also a shell prompt. The most common shell used in bash. It defines how the terminal will behave and look when it is run.

Windows Users — “Newbies”

Windows users are silent majority. They don’t have much issues, when they have it is about some very basic stuff. Although this can be frustrating at times. Luckily Microsoft, just like Apple makes sure things are compatible and work the same way across their operating systems, so things don’t often go wrong with these platforms. However when they do, they report it in an unclear way and later on often don’t care to follow up on it when we have more questions and would need further information in order to debug their specific issues. They also don’t tend to talk about our software on social media much. This is strange, because again, they are the majority. Or they are just afraid of Windows-shaming? Nevertheless, they don’t create maintenance overhead, they don’t have unreasonable requests, and they don’t try to force the newest hypes upon us all the time, they just want to get shit done and I can appreciate that. Overall I am quite happy having them around.

OSX Users — “Fanboys”

OSX users are the best. They are just as inexperienced as our Windows users, but they care to follow up and assisting us until their issues are resolved. Unfortunately they are not as precise and technically competent in helping us with the debugging, but they are trying and I can really appreciate that. What I like about them, despite being the smallest group, OSX users are extremely active on social media, which is a huge plus, especially that we did not do any marketing whatsoever since our release half a year ago. Having said so many great things about them, the only thing I don’t like is OSX, but that is another story.

Linux Users — “High Maintenance”

Linux users are the best and the worst at the same time. They are the best, because they are the most likely to contribute with valuable and real work to our open source project, but they are the worst, because as all junior cross platform developer has to quickly and painfully realize: there is no such a thing as Linux. There’s Debian, there’s Ubuntu, there’s Fedora, there’s Arch, there’s… And they NEVER work the same way. Even worse: various releases of the same distribution often fail in this matter, too. Unfortunately for us (fortunately for the specific distros) Linux users have great pride in their distribution and they are willing to go to extremes to make sure Wasabi will properly work on their preferred distros. And I often got myself working days (sometimes even weeks) to fix something on a distro that I knew less than 10 people will use anyway. Even though it’s a pain, I am also grateful for them, because that’s how you end up building a rock stable software, which is hugely beneficial in the long term. What’s also great about Linux users is that they know their shit. They can report bugs and they can sometimes even figure out what’s wrong all by themselves, so all we have to do is to write some code to fix it.
Their social media presence is somewhat mixed. They are very active, but sometimes they are too active. Quite often I encounter “Linux terrorists” who want to convince me to “stop supporting OSX and Windows, because Apple and Microsoft are evil”, to “rewrite the software in not C#, because Microsoft is evil” and to “support this new, cool, cypherpunk thing or concept that nobody have and will ever use” and they are very persistent.
Overall Linux users are high maintenance, but they are also quite helpful. What I appreciate the most is that they often help us answer questions on social media. They don’t only have questions, they often have answers, too, which elevates the level of the conversation. They seem to know their shit.

Written By :- Ravindra Gupta

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